BPL Aneroid Sphygmomanometer Blood Pressure Monitor - Surgical Dekho
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BPL Aneroid Sphygmomanometer Blood Pressure Monitor


  • Mercury-free accurate measurements
  • Facilitates one-hand operation
  • Comes with a large insufflation bulb
  • Latex-free cuff
  • Accurate to ± 3.75 mmHg
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BPL Aneroid Sphygmomanometer Blood Pressure Monitor

A sphygmomanometer is a medical device used to measure blood pressure. It consists of an inflatable cuff, a pressure gauge, and a stethoscope or electronic sensor. Blood pressure is the force of blood against the walls of arteries, and it is typically measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Monitoring blood pressure is important for assessing a person’s cardiovascular health and diagnosing conditions such as hypertension (high blood pressure).

Here’s how a sphygmomanometer blood pressure monitor works:

  1. Cuff Placement: The cuff is wrapped around the upper arm (or sometimes the wrist) and secured in place. The cuff should be positioned so that it is snug but not too tight. The lower edge of the cuff should be about an inch above the bend in the elbow.
  2. Inflation: The cuff is inflated with air using a hand pump or an electric pump. As the cuff inflates, it puts pressure on the brachial artery, temporarily stopping blood flow in the arm.
  3. Pressure Measurement: A pressure gauge on the sphygmomanometer displays the pressure in the cuff. A healthcare provider or the person taking their own blood pressure listens to the sounds of blood flow using a stethoscope (in the case of a manual sphygmomanometer) or relies on electronic sensors (in the case of digital or automatic blood pressure monitors).
  4. Determination of Blood Pressure: As the cuff is slowly deflated, blood flow through the brachial artery resumes. The healthcare provider or the individual taking their blood pressure listens for the first sound of blood flow (known as the “Korotkoff” sounds) or observes the electronic readout. This is the systolic pressure, the higher number in the blood pressure reading, and represents the pressure when the heart is contracting.
  5. Continued Deflation: The cuff is further deflated until the sounds of blood flow can no longer be heard (or the electronic sensor records a consistent reading). This is the diastolic pressure, the lower number in the blood pressure reading, and represents the pressure when the heart is at rest between beats.

The result is expressed as a fraction, with the systolic pressure over the diastolic pressure (e.g., 120/80 mmHg). A normal blood pressure reading for most adults is around 120/80 mmHg. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is typically defined as a consistent reading of 130/80 mmHg or higher.

Sphygmomanometers come in two primary types:

  1. Manual Sphygmomanometers: These require a healthcare professional to manually inflate the cuff and listen to the sounds using a stethoscope. They are commonly used in clinical settings.
  2. Digital or Automatic Blood Pressure Monitors: These are designed for home use and provide digital readouts without the need for a stethoscope. They are user-friendly and can be used by individuals to monitor their own blood pressure at home. Some can even store multiple readings for tracking and sharing with healthcare providers.


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